What is a vaccine?
Vaccines are made with a tiny amount of dead or weakened germs. They help the immune system learn how to protect itself against disease. Vaccines are a safe and effective way to keep your child from getting very sick from the real disease.
How do vaccines work?
The dead or weakened germs in vaccines help your child’s immune system to make two important tools: antibodies and immune memory. Together, these tools will help your child recognize and fight off the germs if exposed to them in the future. Most children are fully protected after they are vaccinated. This means that they will never get serious vaccine-preventable diseases. In rare cases, children who are immunized can still get the disease because they only get partial protection from the vaccine. They may develop mild symptoms if they are exposed to a disease, but will not suffer serious complications.
How are vaccines given?
Most vaccines are given by an injection (a needle) into your child’s upper arm or thigh. Some vaccines can be given orally (by mouth) or nasally (sprayed into the nose).Your child can safely get more than one vaccine at a time. Some vaccines protect against several diseases in a single shot, while others are given separately.
Diseases prevented by routine vaccinations
Vaccinating your children protects them from many vaccine-preventable diseases mainly Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio, Rota virus, Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Chicken pox, Hepatitis A and B, Flu, Pneumococcal, H influenza B, Typhoid, Meningococcal, Cervical cancer etc. Many vaccine-preventable diseases have no treatment or cure. In some cases, children can die from complications of a disease. The best protection is to keep vaccinating.
Are vaccines safe?
Vaccines are safe and provide important benefits for your children’s health throughout their lives. Many parents with young children have not seen the vaccine preventable diseases mentioned in this guide, so they may not know how serious the diseases are. As a result, parents may worry more about the side effects of vaccines than the diseases they prevent.
Why should I vaccinate my child at such a young age?
The vaccination schedule is designed to protect your child before they are exposed to vaccine-preventable diseases. Children are immunized early in life because they are vulnerable to diseases and the consequences can be very serious. But if vaccinated on time, your child has the most protection as early as possible.
Can my child get more than one vaccine at a time?
Yes. Some vaccines are given together to protect against several diseases at once. Your child’s immune system is AMAZING! It can easily handle more than one vaccine at a time safely and effectively.
When should my child be vaccinated?
Your child needs to be vaccinated at several stages in order to be fully protected. Some vaccines need to be given more than once to build up your child’s immune system. Kindly contact us regarding the full vaccination schedule and any further queries.
What to expect at your child’s vaccination
Most children are fine after vaccination. Your child may have no reaction at all to the vaccine. In some cases, your child may:
be sleepier than usual;
have a low fever; or
have a sore, swollen, or red spot where the needle went in.
These reactions are normal and usually last between 12 and 24 hours. You can give your child medicine to help with the pain or lower the fever.
When to contact us?
You will be asked to wait at the clinic for 15 to 20 minutes after your child’s vaccination. This is because, as with any medicine, there is a very slight chance of a serious allergic reaction. Serious reactions to vaccines are very rare. Contact us if your child has unusual symptoms after vaccination.
Unusual symptoms may include:
- a fever above 40°C (104°F);
- crying or fussing for more than 24 hours;
- worsening swelling where the needle went in; or unusual sleepiness.
- You know your child best. If you notice anything that is not normal after a vaccination, check with us.