Chronic gastritis occurs when the stomach lining becomes inflamed in the body. Bacteria, consuming too much alcohol, certain medications, chronic stress, or the other immune system problems can leads to this inflammation. When the inflammation occurs, the stomach lining changes and it loses some of its protective cells. It may cause early satiety. This is where the stomach feels full after eating just a few bites of food.
Chronic gastritis occurs for a long period of time and gradually it will be away at the stomach lining. And it can also cause metaplasia or dysplasia. These are the precancerous changes in the cells can be leads to the cancer if it is untreated.
Types of chronic gastritis:
Several types of chronic gastritis exist, and they can have different causes:
- Type A is caused by the immune system that destroys the stomach cells. And it can increase the risk of vitamin deficiencies, anemia, and cancer.
- Type B, is the most common type that caused by Helicobacter pylori bacteria, and also it can cause stomach ulcers, intestinal ulcers, and cancer.
- Type C is caused by the chemical irritants such as, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), alcohol, or bile. Also it can be cause stomach lining erosion and bleeding.
Other types of gastritis can include giant hypertrophic gastritis,that can be related to the protein deficiencies. It also has eosinophilic gastritis, which happens alongside of other allergic conditions such as asthma or eczema.
Symptoms of Chronic gastritis:
Chronic gastritis doesn’t always result in symptoms. But people who do have symptoms often experience:
- Upper abdominal pain
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
The following can cause the lining of the stomach and it can leads to the chronic gastritis:
- Long-term use of certain medications, such as aspirin and ibuprofen
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- The presence of H. pylori bacteria
- Illnesses, like diabetes or kidney failure
- A weakened immune system
- Persistent, intense stress can also affects the immune system
- Bile flowing into the stomach, or bile reflux
Risk for chronic gastritis will increase if the lifestyle and dietary habits which changes the stomach lining. It may be useful to avoid the following:
- High-fat diet
- High-salt diet
Consumption of alcohol can also leads to the chronic gastritis. A stressful lifestyle or a traumatic experience can also decreases the stomach’s ability to protect itself. In addition, the risk may increases if you have autoimmune diseases or certain illnesses like Crohn’s disease.
Doctor will ask about the medical history and the symptoms. A series of tests can be necessary,that includes the following:
- A test for the bacteria that cause stomach ulcers
- A stool test to look for stomach bleeding
- A blood count and an anemia test
- An endoscopy, in which a camera attached to a long tube is inserted into the mouth and down into the digestive tract