Department of Rheumatology

Arthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis severely affects the joints and compromises the ability of patients to carry out their routine physical tasks. Through the advancements in technology, research and health care, improved methods of treatment are being offered for inflammatory arthritis.

A major identifying factor of such an inflammation is pain that strikes at various joints. However, it is important to understand the distinction between Inflammatory Arthritis (IA) and Osteoarthritis. While the former affects people of all ages, especially people in the 30’s and the child-rearing age, the latter is more common after the age of 50. Major types of inflammatory diseases are Reactive Rheumatoid Arthritis, Ankylosing spondylitis and Psoriatic Arthritis.

Inflammatory arthritis is caused by the overactive immune system resulting in joint inflammation. Usually, inflammatory form of arthritis affects many joints in the body simultaneously. Such an inflammation causes stiffness and pain after periods of inactivity or rest. Areas of skin, internal organs like heart and lungs can be affected by the swelling, redness and warmth that usually occur with the inflammation.

Inflammatory arthritis is regulated by keeping the immune system in check and by a combination of methods to relieve the swelling and the discomfort associated with it. Just like osteoarthritis, joint replacement surgery can be considered after exhausting conventional non-surgical practiced methods. If the inflammation is diagnosed, detected and treated early, the condition may also disappear permanently. Hence, great care should be taken to properly diagnose and prevent lifelong arthritic problems.