Heartburn is a painful burning feeling in chest or throat
Heartburn is a burning sensation in the chest behind the breastbone. Heartburn may be temporary or chronic. It is treated with lifestyle changes and over-the-counter medications.
Causes of Heartburn:
It happens when stomach acid backs up into your esophagus, the tube that carries food from your mouth to your stomach.The acid back flow may be worse when the affected bents over or lying down. If you ignore it can lead to ulcer, GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease) and sometimes may increase the risk of esophageal cancer.
Symptoms of Heartburn:
The symptoms of heartburn include pain in the arm or difficulty in breathing, jaw, pain while lying or bending , burning or severe chest pain or pressure.
Risks and Complications of Heartburn:
In general, certain spicy foods, citrus products, onions, carbonated beverages ,processed tomato products and fried foods increase the risk of heartburn. The complications of heartburn are evident as gastroesophageal reflux disease, if neglected may damage the esophagus.
Tests & Diagnosis of Heartburn:
The doctor looks for the symptoms of heartburn. To confirm heartburn, the doctor may advice for Endoscopy, X-ray, Ambulatory acid probe tests and Esophageal motility tests, which helps to know the shape and condition of the stomach and esophagus.
Treatment for Heartburn:
Avoid all drinks and foods that cause heartburn. Quit smoking and beverages. Over the counter medication may offer temporary relief. However, long-term treatment under the supervision of a gastroenterologist is greatly advised.