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Symptoms of the Nervous System Disorders

A very complex and highly specialized interconnection of the human body’s internal circuitry, the nervous system is like the body’s multimeter to the outside world, in the sense that it controls:

  • The body’s sense of sight, hearing, taste, smell, and sensations
  • The body’s ability to perform movement, balance, and coordination
  • The mind’s ability to think, reason, be conscious, and have thoughts, memories, and language

Divided into three parts – viz the brain, the spinal cord, and the nerve cells – the nervous system also regulates a whole range of voluntary and involuntary vital actions, such as blood flow and blood pressure. Given their enormity, they are prone to a host of problems, the symptoms of which might manifest all of sudden, posing a life-threatening situation or they might develop over a long period, all the while causing slow deterioration in one or a group of certain brain functions. Also, the symptoms can be mild or severe, transient or permanent, physiological or psychological, but never nonexistent, and when they do manifest, they will be in one of the following forms:

  • Numbness, tingling, weakness, or loss of mobility in certain body parts
  • Lack of focus, reduced light sensitivity, double vision, tunnel vision, or loss of vision
  • Incoherentor illegible speech, confusion, and change in level of consciousness
  • Sudden onset of a severe headache, nausea, and vomiting
  • Dizziness, unsteadiness, or loss of balance and equilibrium
  • Seizures and abnormal body movements, such as twitching

In addition to these, there might also be certain behavioral changes that might not seem like an indicator of anything serious, but might actually be due to an underlying cause. These can include:

  • You find it difficult or impossible to move certain parts of your body
  • You can’t put weight on one leg as you have pain running down that leg
  • You find it hard to coordinate your movements, making you clumsier than before
  • You seem to be having to run to the bathroom too frequently and for no apparent reason
  • You get intense headaches that come and go frequently, but without any pattern

These symptoms will depend on the specific area of the nervous system that has been impacted and the underlying cause and the nature of these symptoms can provide clues as to the site of the issue. These sites can be divided into categories – Lower Level Sites, which include muscle, motor-end plates, peripheral nerves, spinal nerve roots, etc; and Higher level Sites, which include brainstem, cerebellum, thalamus etc. Below are the typical symptoms of issues in these specific areas:

  • Lower-level sites
    • Weakness in a specific set of muscles: Depending on the set of muscles impacted, the symptoms will be noticed when climbing stairs, getting up from a chair, lifting something, or even chewing the food.
    • Fatigue and weakness in motor end plate: This happens when the motor nerve impulses are unable to properly connect with the muscle end plate at the neuromuscular junction.
    • Weakness and muscle atrophy: This happens when there is sensory nerve damage, and might cause numbness, tingling, shooting or burning pains, hyperesthesia, and an absence of reflex activity.
    • Abnormal posture, abnormal deep and plantar reflexes: Caused by damage to the spinal cord, and often results in pain, temperature, and loss of scratch sensations.
  • Higher-level sites
    • Loss or reduced activity of cranial nerve functions: Caused by damage to the brainstem, this can also be life threatening, since many critical functions, such as consciousness, respiration, and blood pressure, are controlled from there
    • Difficulty in maintaining an upright posture: Caused by damage to the cerebellum, this can also be accompanied by other symptoms such as jerky movements of the eyes at rest, ataxia of the limbs, and even a severe tremor
    • Loss of sensation on the opposite sides of the body: This is typically caused by a lesion in the thalamus, and might be accompanied by extreme pain. Other related symptoms can include disorders of eye movement and speech impairment.
    • Loss of ability to perform purposeful actions: Damage to the various parts of the cerebral hemisphere can result in a loss of different day-to-day abilities, including something as complex as foresight, planning, and comprehension; or something as simple as the ability to put on clothes.

Unfortunately, the symptoms of a nervous system disorder might resemble the symptoms of other medical conditions or problems, making it difficult for family members to realize the gravity of the affliction. If you or a loved one has these symptoms, call us at 8008104199 immediately to properly diagnose the issue and evaluate treatment options available to you!

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Symptoms that Alert a Woman who is having a Heart Attack

Most people think of heart attacks and other heart-related diseases as men’s problem. It’s a myth!

In fact, in age group 55+, women have greater chances of suffering a heart attack than have men, and death within first 5 years of suffering a heart attack is as much as 11 percent more likely in women than in men. Why, then, the misconception?One possible reason is that since symptoms of heart attack in men and women are different, most women don’t realize that they are suffering a heart attack. Below are the major symptoms that women experience when they suffer a heart attack:

Chest Pain or Discomfort

The chest pain is the quintessential symptom of a heart attack among both, men and women. However, the way it manifests, and the specific region in which it is experienced may vary among men and women. Women are more likely to feel an uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of the chest, which may last for a few minutes, or are recurrent in nature.Unlike men who predominantly feel the pain on the left side or center-left, women can feel the pain anywhere in the chest, not just on the left side.

Pain in Arms, Back, Neck, or Jaw

Most men will experience pain that is concentrated on the left side of the chest, whereas women can feel pain in other areas as well, which results in them not realizing the severity of the situation. That said, the pain is usually intense enough to go unnoticed – if you are asleep, it will often wake you up. Cardiologists even go to the extent of advising women to report any out of the ordinary sensation in their body from waist up.

Stomach Pain

Most people will not associate stomach pain with a heart attack, often attributing it to the flu, heartburn, or an ulcer in the stomach. But women may experience severe abdominal pressure when they are suffering a heart attack. The pressure can be intense enough for it to be likened with an elephant sitting on your stomach; although I can’t imagine how anyone can have an elephant sit on their stomach, and live to describe the pain.

Difficulty in Breathing

A difficulty in breathing that occurs for no apparent reason is one of the surest signs of an episode of the heart attack. A heart attack occurs when the supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle is disrupted due to blockages in the coronary arteries, and it is this disruption in the supply of oxygenated blood that causes breathlessness, dizziness, and loss of consciousness. If you’re also having one or more of the other symptoms, call for help immediately.

Sweating

Women suffering a heart attack may also sweat profusely for no apparent reason, which is often out of character for them. Typically a cold sweat, this will often feel more like sweating from nervousness than from exercising or spending time in the heat. This condition is medically known as diaphoresis and is caused due to the over-activation of the sympathetic nervous system, which in turn is actuated by release of hormones due to sharp pain, increase blood pressure, elevated and heartbeat.

Fatigue, Tunnel Vision, and Anxiety

In case you did not know, these are also the symptoms of a migraine, and for someone getting a heart attack with no other telltale sign (as is likely in case of women), it’s very easy to confuse the two.

While genetics is one of the most common risk factors, looking out for lead indicators such as blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diet, stress and weight issues can predict most heart diseases. Also, for most women, the symptoms of heart attack will start manifesting in the milder form much before a major episode occurs, giving plenty of advance warning to mitigate, or even avoid altogether, the impact of an unfortunate eventuality.

If you or a loved one is experiencing these symptoms, call us today on  0861-6680 100, 8008 104 199 or write to us at  info@simhapurihospitals.com  to take action!

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Smoking is one of the Main Cardiovascular Risk Factors

There is a string link between smoking and cardiovascular diseases – one of every three deaths from cardiovascular diseases can be linked with smoking, and nearly 40% of all deaths from smoking can be attributed to cardiovascular diseases! Read more

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